COP28, the 28th UN climate change conference, holds significant importance in addressing the escalating climate crisis.
With global temperatures reaching record highs and extreme weather events affecting communities worldwide, this conference serves as a crucial opportunity to assess progress on the Paris Agreement and strategize effective actions. The imperative, as supported by scientific evidence, is a rapid decline in the production of coal, oil, and gas, coupled with a tripling of global renewable power capacity by 2030.
COP28 aims to unite leaders from governments, businesses, NGOs, and civil society to develop tangible solutions for reducing emissions and enhancing climate resilience through increased financing for adaptation measures.
“Negotiators have been negotiating with people’s lives, not just carbon emissions. They just didn’t realize it.”
The first half of COP28 in Dubai has seen both significant achievements and controversies.
A historic loss and damage fund was agreed upon, addressing the destruction caused by climate crises, but the $700 million pledged falls far short of the estimated annual damage costs. The host president, Sultan Al Jaber, faced criticism after suggesting there was “no science” supporting the need to phase out fossil fuels to limit global heating.
Progress on fossil fuel reduction commitments is a key focus, with a draft text published, retaining language on a phase-out but subject to potential deletion. The presence of a record number of fossil fuel lobbyists at the conference raised concerns about industry influence.
Key leaders, including the UK’s King Charles and US Vice President Kamala Harris, made statements, while Brazil aligned itself with OPEC, and Russia’s President Putin discussed geopolitical issues.
The conference aims to chart a course for emissions reduction and climate resilience.
COP 28 witnessed support from 70 states and 39 organizations for the UAE declaration on Climate, Relief, Recovery, and Peace, emphasizing increased investment in resilience for conflict-affected regions.
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